1. Riccardo Freda, un homme seul,
Editions Yellow Now, 1993.
2. At certain points, Nightmare
bypasses Freda to go directly to Hitchcockian sources: an earring
and a portrait, signs of the dead woman that mysteriously attract her
living double, recall Vertigo; the male ingenue interrogates the heroine
about her dreamworld ("Who are you? Where is your body?") in much the same
way that James Stewart's Scottie questions Kim Novak's Madeleine in
Hitchcock's film. Ennio Morricone's score occasionally recalls Bernard
Herrmann's score for Psycho.
3. The shorter version censors
some violence, omits a long exterior dialogue scene between Stephen and
Jenny, and shortens many other scenes (frequently by chopping off their
beginnings), an exercise that, while reducing the film's running time by
more than fifteen minutes, paradoxically fails to speed up its pace. I
wish to thank Jeff Frentzen for providing me with a copy of the longer